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Cadillac: Where We Come From

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Mitchell Street

In 1840, Wexford County was originally named Kautawabet, an Indian word meaning "broken tooth.” Chief Broken Tooth was a Potawatami leader. In 1843, Michigan legislators renamed the county Wexford, after a southern county of Ireland. The earliest known white settler in Wexford County was Benjamin Hall in 1862.

In 1872, with the G.R. & I. Railroad reaching this northern settlement, George A. Mitchell founded and was also elected the first mayor of Cadillac, originally known as Clam Lake. Cadillac was incorporated as a city in 1877, taking its name from Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac, an early Michigan explorer and founder of Detroit. Four main families helped settle Cadillac. Streets, buildings and landmarks include the Mitchell, Cummer, Diggins and Cobb family names.

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Manton Area Historical Museum

U.S. 131 3 blocks North of M-42
Manton, MI 49663
Phone: 231-824-3208

Mesick Area Historical Museum

117 Mesick Ave
Mesick, MI 49668
Phone: 231-885-1224

Wexford County Historical Society

127 Beech St
Cadillac, MI 49601
Phone: (231) 775-1717

Cadillac-Wexford Public Library

411 S. Lake St.
Cadillac, MI 49601
Phone: (231) 775-6541
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The Battle of the County Seat

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Mitchell House

The original plan for Cadillac included a county courthouse, which set off a multiple decade fight with Sherman for the county seat. That altercation resulted in politics at its worst and several townships being created. Sherman, near Mesick, was the first county seat. Manton briefly held the honor, but in 1882, after a long and bitter political struggle, Cadillac was permanently chosen.

Clam Lake Canal

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Old times on the Canal

During 1873, the canal connecting Big and Little Clam Lakes was completed by the lumber mills on land donated by George Mitchell. The canal was roughly 20 feet wide by .3 miles long and allowed logs to be floated from shores of Big Clam Lake to the railroad lines in this thriving lumbering community. Widening and dredging of the canal was done in 1877, 1886, 1894, 1896, 1900, 1965, and in 1996.

Shay Locomotive

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Old Logging 1611 Train

Cadillac was one of the few non-river lumbering communities that grew and prospered. The main reason for this was that in 1878, Ephraim Shay perfected his Shay Locomotive, which was particularly effective in its ability to climb steep mountain grades effortlessly and to maneuver sharp turns and imperfections in railroad tracks. Until the invention of the Shay Locomotive, horses were used to transport logs, but this process was slow, costly and often dangerous. The lumbering industry was dominant in the 1880-1900 and included many Swedish immigrants.

Historical Links

Historic Resources in our area:

Wexford Country Historical Society & Museum

Mesick Area Historical Museum

Manton Area Historical Museum

Wexford County Genealogy Organization

Available every Thursday 11-3pm, at the Naval Reserve, located at the intersection of Linden and Chestnut, across the street from CAPS High School and Veterans Memorial Stadium.

Cadillac Wexford Public Library

 

Additional Historic Resources:

Historical Society of Michigan: www.hsmichigan.org

Michigan Historic Preservation Network: www.mhpn.org

National Register of Historic Places: www.nps.gov/nr

National Trust for Historic Preservation: www.preservationnation.org

Preservation Directory: www.preservationdirectory.com

When Cadillac Was Kissed!

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Kiss on Football Field

Kiss in front of Old City Hall Fire Station - 201 N. Mitchell Street

In October of 1975, Cadillac High School in Cadillac, Michigan made Rock 'n' Roll history when KISS played at their homecoming. Here is the full story about that visit presented by Jim Neff, the person who made it all happen. All those rumors you've heard about what happened are answered here -- including the fake claims of other people that they had a hand in the event. Included are never-seen photos, original documents, news articles, and commentary.

go to NeffZone for the whole story....
http://web.archive.org/web/20130607084116/http://www.neffzone.com/kiss/

Photo here of Kiss in front of the Old Cadillac City Hall building, now host facility to the Cadillac Area Visitors Bureau, located at 201 N. Mitchell Street, Cadillac, MI  4960

Students painted up for rallyFor more photos of that legendary day in Cadillac and the beginning of a close relationship with a CAPS Assistant Football Coach & English Teacher, click on the NeffZone above and go to the photo gallery.

Cadillac Area Visitors Bureau  •  201 N. Mitchell St. Suite 102  •  Cadillac, MI 49601  •  (231) 775-0657  •  (800) 22-LAKES
  •  Copyright © 2014 Cadillac Area Visitors Bureau Produced by Gaslight Media